How to Define and Test an Indirect Moderation Model: The Missing Link in Regression-Based Path Models


  • Geert H. van Kollenburg Orcid
  • Marcel A. Croon


Two of the most important extensions of the basic regression model are moderated effects (due to interactions) and mediated effects (i.e. indirect effects). Combinations of these effects may also be present. In this work, an important, yet missing combination is presented that can determine whether a moderating effect itself is mediated by another variable. This ‘indirect moderation’ model can be assessed by a four-step decision tree which guides the user through the necessary regression analyses to infer or refute indirect moderation. A simulation experiment shows how the method works under some basic scenarios.